The irrigation of drip vineyards and controlled with sensors is already a reality in a lot of Spanish provinces.

For this reason we are going to dedicate an article to the ideal way of watering the vines in the different times of the year and the advantages of using humidity and temperature sensors Plant to control it.

Watering vineyards

Optimizing water is essential, but achieving efficient and quality vineyard irrigation is a priority so that the fruit is excellent and the wine extraordinary.

Phase 1 : from the appearance of buds to flowering.

In this phase there are three factors that we have to take into account:

  • Uniform outbreak growth . This is a sign that the plant has a controlled irrigation. If you suffer water stress in this phase, the outbreaks show it with irregular growth.
  • We must observe the presence of tender and long tendrils . The lack of tendrils or their dryness indicates that the plant suffers water stress and slow or stopped growth.
  • Root development , essential for plant health throughout its development. In drip irrigation systems the roots are concentrated near the wet bulb. In plantations without irrigation they extend more looking for the humidity.

The sensors applied to the irrigation of vineyards, both measuring humidity and temperature, tell us in real time if the plant has the water it needs and from our mobile or tablet we can control it avoiding displacements and saving water and energy. The application of irrigation depends on the accumulation of rainwater and therefore according to the measurements we apply more or less water.

Phase 2: from flowering to envero or ripening of the fruit.

  • At this point it is very important to control the irrigation, because an excess causes the branches to grow too much and the leaves cover the fruit excessively and impair ripening.
  • It also affects the size of the product. An excess causes the grapes to grow too much and lose quality. The adequate amount of water is in this very important phase.
  • Drought is also harmful, because the fruit does not develop properly before ripening or ripening. Water stress severely impairs the harvest and growth of the grape.

Riego por goteo con sensores en los viñedos

Sensores en viñedos controlando la humedad en el envero
Irrigation of vineyards controlled with humidity sensors in the envero

Phase 3: from envero or ripening until harvesting.

  • Berries or clusters stop growing to ripen. Now they need very little water. An excess will produce cracking in the grape. The amount of potassium that affects the acidity of the wines is also altered.
  • On the other hand the plant begins the decline in growth and prepares for winter rest. Riego por goteo con sensores en los viñedos

Phase 4: from harvest collection to vineyard latency

  • At this point an increase in water is important but not as large as in the first phase, so that the roots are expanded and the plant is strengthened with a view to the next production.
  • Moisture is also convenient to protect the roots from the cold of winter.

Esquema del riego de la vidInstallation of sensors in the irrigation of vineyards

The implantation of irrigation in vineyards is something that is increasing throughout the Peninsula, because quality is increasingly taken care of. For something we have a country with a large number of wines with designation of origin as we have already commented.

That is why to achieve maximum quality and savings, our technology is increasingly committed, as is the case of the Ciudad Real vineyards that illustrate this article.

  • In the first place we make a study of the farm, measurements, type of land that influences the type of wet bulb as we already indicated in other articles.

  • We also study which is the best place of placement of the Hub-receiver, so that it picks up the signals of all the sensors. Normally it goes with solar panel, unless the owner has a point of light in the place of the location.

  • Finally we check its operation and teach how to handle the data to the owner.