The cultivation of tomatoes is very delicate for irrigation, for this reason the use of precision agriculture is increasingly widespread for its crop .
Of South American origin, he arrived with Hernán Cortés in the Canary Islands and there he acclimatized well and took 200 years to reach the Peninsula and the rest of Europe.
First you have to collect the seeds, dry them and keep them until we make the seedbeds.
The mastic is the place where they are planted until we have some seedlings that can be transplanted. They must have good drainage so that irrigation does not rot the small roots of the plants and a good temperature.
You can make a seedbed in a piece of soil or in individual cups with two or three seeds in each.
In this process it is already important to control irrigation with humidity sensors. If this is not done, it is easy for fungi to appear and cause the delicate plants to die.
The last step is to transplant the tomatoes into the tomato plants.
Agricultura de precisión en el cultivo de tomates
It is not always within the reach of all producers to have information on their farms by GPS or geographic information systems.
But if it is possible and at low cost to have:
- Yield collectors (on plant, soil, weeds and medium).
- Humidity, temperature and conductivity sensors type Plantae .
- Cartographies of mineral element content.
- Aerial photos with drones.
- Also decision-making models .
All this makes the productions improve in quality and quantity.
Tomatoes prefer a dry climate, suitable temperatures, and controlled watering.
Excessive humidity is the first cause of diseases, both fungi and bacteria. It also influences tomato cracking. Consequently, they must have an adequate irrigation system and also a gutter so that the plant can climb.
Most common varieties of tomatoes
Plantae did several trials in 2017 with pink tomato obtaining irrigation parameters to obtain the best "pink tomato" possible in the area of Barbastro, Huesca.