A new crop controlled by Plantae sensors, the Pitaya or dragon fruit.

What is pitaya?

It is a plant of the cactus family , with long, triangular stems. Its fruit is tropical, exquisite and pink or yellow. Very sweet and smooth.

Pitaya varieties

Fundamentally there are two varieties.

  • One of red fruit, very showy the fruit but more delicate and therefore more difficult to transport.
  • Another yellow fruit, more resistant and very sweet, improving in red flavor.

Its delicacy makes the cultivation in Spain easy to market in Europe. It is easier for it to reach all markets in good condition.

Plantación intensiva de pitaya
Intensive plantation of pitaya controlled by Plantae sensors

Pitaya cultivation in Spain

The Mediterranean climate is becoming the ideal for pitaya cultivation in Spain. Starting in the Canary Islands and Malaga, now Almería is the main producer with large greenhouses.

Almería farmers are investing in this plant for several reasons:

  • It needs much less water than other crops such as tomatoes.
  • The consumption of its exotic fruit is fashionable.
  • Being a very delicate product for transport, it is important that the crop is European, to facilitate its commercialization.
  • The Mediterranean climate, especially that of Almería, is very favorable for greenhouse cultivation.
  • In Almería there is a lot of experience in the trending that this plant needs to develop.
  • It produces two harvests a year, one from mid-June to December and the other from March to April.

Controlled irrigation with sensors

Pitaya cultivation is adapted to dry climates, but controlled irrigation in two phases is very convenient:

Caudalímetro instalado en tubería de riego de pitaya
Flowmeter installed in pitaya irrigation pipe

 

Sensores a dos profundidades en plantación de pitaya
Sensors at two depths in the Almería plantation. Controlled irrigation during the flowering period.

Propiedades del fruto de la pitaya

The benefits of the pitaya fruit are extraordinary:

  • Antioxidant power.
  • Regulates blood glucose levels and therefore helps lose weight.
  • High content of vitamin C.
  • High energy power.
  • Digestive
  • High fiber content.
  • Diuretic.
  • Rich in minerals.
  • Low in calories.
  • Stimulates defenses.

 

Some pages consulted:

Plantae

Innovagri

Infoagro