Muchos de los artículos que presentamos tratan del olivo en España y en Portugal. Hablamos repetidas veces del olivo intensivo y superintensivo. 

Plantae is dedicated to the design, development and commercialization of wireless sensor technology for water saving and improvement of crop production and quality. Especially indicated sensors for intensive and superintensive crops. We do not sell plants or advise on the variety or type of olive to be planted in your area or region, but as indicated in the following scheme, we advise each crop in a personalized way.

Scheme of the way of acting of plantae

Plantae en olivo intensivo y superintensivo

Types of olive cultivation

Vamos a explicar en qué consisten y las ventajas e inconvenientes que presenta este tipo de cultivo con respecto al cultivo del olivo tradicional y la conveniencia de instalar sensores de humedad y temperatura.

Sensores en olivos variedad hojiblanca
Olives hojiblanca variety with traditional plantation

Traditional olive tree

It is the olive tree in its wild state, depending on its adaptation to the climate, the terrain and the care that is given by pruning, irrigation, etc.

Production is sometimes limited and the benefits do not correspond to the work. The collection is usually manual. The machines do not move easily through the olive grove. It depends on the technological use of the slopes of olive groves and distribution.

This type of crop is the usual one in Spain, Italy and Portugal. At present there is a tendency towards change, especially in the management of new farms.

Olivo, Jaén
Traditional olive tree, Jaén. Arbequina variety

Intensive olive

Concern for quality, profitability and the decline in labor have led farmers to consider other types of olive groves than the traditional one.

When planting a new farm with intensive olive trees, we study the land, plan it with distances of 6 × 6 meters apart or 6 × 3. The streets must be 6 meters to facilitate the passage of the machines. Also to isolate the olive trees and improve the passage of air between them.

This allows us to implement drip irrigation systems > at the foot of the tree and that can be regulated and thus increase and improve the quality of the olive. In addition to being able to add fertilizers and products that prevent diseases in the olive tree.

Also the advantage of picking the olive with vibrating machines.

Olivo intensivo, Arbequina
Superintensive olive tree, Arbequina with Plantae moisture meters

Super Intensive Olive

Aprende a pronunciar The difference with the intensive olive tree is that the tree is now in the form of a hedge and with streets of no more than 4 meters. Up to 2000 olive trees per hectare are achieved, while the intensive does not exceed 600 per hectare.

The life expectancy of these olive trees is approximately 13 or 20 years while in the intensive ones they can reach 40. (In both cases there may be variations depending on the climate and the terrain).

Esto hace que haya que repoblar muy a menudo. Es imprescindible un riego, normalmente por goteo y un control de ese riego.

The choice of type of plantation depends on the terrain, the possibilities of irrigation and the climate.

Olivos intensivos y superintensivos
Esquema de plantación de olivos intensivo y superintensivo
Plantación de olivo superintensivo en Alentejo-Portugal controlado por sensores Plantae
Plantación de olivo superintensivo controlado por sensores Plantae

Advantages and disadvantages of intensive and superintensive olive

Las Comunidades autónomas que tienen clima adecuado para olivo, están haciendo estudios sobre ambos tipos.

Las ventajas son:

  • La alta producción especialmente en los primeros años.
  • La posibilidad de usar medios mecánicos para su recolección. Esto disminuye muchísimo la mano de obra. La aceituna llega a las almazaras muy rápido y todo mecanizado.
  • Las variedades que están resultando mejores son la tipo «arbequina» y «arbosana».
Equem de plantación de olivo superintensivo
Super Intensive Olive
Técnico de Plantae instalando sensores en olivos superintensivos en Alentejo- Portugal
Técnico de Plantae instalando sensores en olivos superintensivos

The disadvantages, especially in the superintensive are:

Sensores en olivo intensivo-Sevilla
Sensores en olivo intensivo y superintensivo-Sevilla
Sensors in intensive olive-Sevilla Spain
Superintensive Olive-Seville-Spain

Plantae is already controlling irrigation in intensive and superintensive olive trees in the provinces of Seville, Toledo, Jaén and soon in Alentejo, Portugal.

Olivos del Alentejo Portugal
Inspecting the Alentejo-Portugal area