Today they are fashionable in the environments of the big cities and within them, urban gardens. Plantae starts the irrigation controlled by sensors in an orchard located in Horts del Pla in the province of Girona.
What are urban gardens?
They are spaces intended primarily for the cultivation of vegetables, fruits, aromatic plants, legumes and even medicinal plants and which are installed in indoor or outdoor areas, normally for private use.
The fundamental objective is to obtain healthy products that can be consumed directly.
How do you make an urban garden?
The main thing is to have arable land. It can also be done on terraces with stackable, vertical or horizontal pots.
To cultivate an urban garden we must take into account several factors:
- The risk of frost, especially if they are late.
- The number of hours of the sun.
- The type of land that we put or have.
- The possibilities of irrigation, very convenient drip.
- Type of crops suitable for the chosen place and adapted to the weather.
Once the terrain has been chosen, we must follow the steps:
- Prepare the land with a plow to remove the arable part. Remove stones and bury branches that can serve as compost.
- Prepare the seedbeds and, at the ideal time for a given crop depending on the location and hours of sun, transplant them into terraces.
- Make furrows in the beds, adapted to each crop. Water when transplanting.
- Guide the plants that need it when planting or growing as happens with peppers, tomatoes, pickles, green beans and others.
- Dig the weeds and aerate the soil from time to time. Irrigate by furrow, sprinkler or drip as it is convenient.
- Some plants must have a distance of at least one meter between one and the next for their branches, such as zucchini, squash, cucumbers and artichokes.
Home gardens are the prelude to urban gardens. Used since ancient times to feed the family nucleus, today they move to the city and its surroundings to consume fresh and healthy products in the form of urban gardens.
Caring for an urban garden
In most orchards the planting is done by furrows. Irrigation is normally done by sprinkling or dripping.
For the irrigation to be correct we must take into account several factors:
- That the ground is level.
- Important that we have separate plots.
- That the terrain is loamy or loamy.
- Control the accumulation of salts. For this, it is convenient to change the cultivation of place between one season and the next. Each plant requires nutrients and the change of location causes less salts to accumulate.
Plantae sensors in urban gardens
Our technicians study the crop, the type of terrain and the climate of the area. We assess the number of sensors and the ideal situation.
The sensors measure us:
- The humidity of the subsoil adapting the depth to the cultivation according to the rooting.
- Subsoil temperature.
- Conductivity and therefore salinity values.
- Measurement of the water flow to irrigate with a flow meter and irrigation time.
- We can have information in real time on our mobile phone or tablet.
Advantages of urban gardens
We must always consider that its cultivation has to be pleasant, that it motivates us and that we can dedicate time to it.
Having an urban garden needs some care and dedication but it has its reward
- We can have fresh products.
- With proper care, the garden is ecological.
- We can keep canned products, such as tomatoes, peppers, pickles, peas and dispose of them all year round.
- Enjoy the outdoors when we take care of it.
- Share our vegetables with family and friends.
- Enjoy nature.