There are documents that justify that Jumilla pears date back to the 16th century, but it was in the 1950s that their cultivation spread. Its production is exclusive to this Municipality.
Factors that favor the development of Jumilla pears
- The most important factor is the Altiplano climate which is cool in winter and hot in summer, with an average annual temperature of 16º. In spring frosts and rains are scarce, this favors flowering.
- The second factor is the number of hot days . They are very beneficial for the sugar in the fruit.
- The type of terrain is ideal, it alternates mountains with valleys oriented and aligned to the sun that also favor the characteristic color of these Jumilla pears.
Optimized irrigation in pear trees
El riego controlado es además del clima de la zona lo que hace que las peras de Jumilla sean de alta calidad.
En una región donde cada gota de agua importa, es muy importante para el agricultor tener datos que indiquen las necesidades del árbol, especialmente en la época de la formación del fruto y de la madurez.
En la época de la floración es beneficioso el riego y no lo es la lluvia porque destruye las flores, especialmente si es intensa.
Jumilla is betting on intensive crops that are much easier to work when pruning, harvesting and watering. The drip irrigation system is the best, it allows you to add fertilizers that help improve production and avoid evaporation. If we combine this type of irrigation with humidity sensors, the results are excellent.
Plantae sensors for humidity, temperature and conductivity, provide real-time readings of the humidity of the land and therefore of the irrigation needs at all times.
Plantae already works with this crop
Desde el año 2018 se han instalado sensores Plantae de humedad en perales intensivos de Jumilla, midiendo a 30 y 60cm de profundidad. Los resultados han sido excepcionales, pues nuestros sensores han conseguido ahorrar semanalmente entre un 15% y un 20% del agua de riego gracias a la monitorización de los datos en tiempo real.
Actualmente seguimos renovando el control del riego con los agricultores que nos constatan sus beneficios en ahorro de agua y la mejor calidad de los frutos.
The pears of Jumilla
Pears are the fruit of the Pear tree " Pyrus communis L" , of the Rosaceae family. There are many varieties, depending on the taste, sweetness, acidity, and mildness or harshness.
Factors that influenced its commercialization:
One of the most important is the improvement of infrastructures.
The creation of aquifers that allow irrigation of the area.
The creation of plantations with drip irrigation and controlled by humidity sensors.
Very significant that its production lasts from June to October.
These factors make the area a very important point of pear production, with the creation of cooperatives.
It is currently the first national and European producer of arcolina pear with about 1,400 hectares of pear trees.
Characteristics of the appellation of origin of the pears of Jumilla
Data obtained from the regulatory council that has been operating since 2004:
- Primero el aspecto de la pera ”extra” y “l“ debe ser: enteras, sanas y limpias.
- In addition, it must not have foreign matter and will be free of: humidity, smell and acquired flavors.
- The peduncle must also be intact.
- It is very important that it is sold fresh.
- The color will be yellow with a green background and a reddish tone on its face facing the sun.
- The “Extra” will have a diameter greater than 58 mm and the “I” will have a diameter greater than 52 mm.
- The hardness of the pulp of the fruits should be above 11lb / cm2 = 5 kg / cm2, using for this measurement a penetrometer with an 8 mm tip.
- To guarantee that its flavor has the characteristic sugary sweetness, the value of its soluble solids must be greater than 10.5º Brix.
- Finally, its measurable acidity measure is greater than 1.5 g / l of malic acid in the fruit.