In order to expand the benefits of permaculture and sustainable horticulture in both social, economic, environmental and cultural aspects, we are going to see different applications that this field has and the benefits of applying agricultural probes and sensors for greater profitability.
Specific applications of permaculture and horticulture
Avoid monocultures and promote the planting of a variety of crops in the same space, previously analyzing what is of interest in each place according to the morphology of the land. This promotes biodiversity and reduces the risk of pests and diseases, favoring the growth of each variety.
Distribute zones and sectors
The design of permaculture is based on the idea of distributing cultivation by zones and sectors. The crops are organized according to their frequency of use and needs. The sectors are organized according to factors such as sun, wind and irrigation water with the aim of optimizing their location.
This technique consists of combining trees, shrubs and agricultural crops on the same land whenever the variety allows it. This creates favorable microclimates, crops such as cereals protect the soil, provide food and shelter to wildlife, and can improve soil quality because it prevents transpiration.
Crop rotation in permaculture and horticulture
This practice of crop rotation is very important to improve soil health, while preventing the soil from losing nutrients and reducing the accumulation of pests and diseases.
Compostaje y Mulching
The use of compost and organic mulch or padding with organic remains is essential in the permacultureand in horticulture, to improve soil structure, retain moisture and provide nutrients to plants.
Seed bank and local varieties
Local varieties of plants, adapted to local conditions, favor cultivation to better adapt to climatic conditions, contribute to genetic diversity and adaptation to the environment.
Cultivation spirals are a permaculture technique that allows you to take advantage of different light and humidity conditions in a small space, favoring a greater diversity of plants, organized in terraces.
Vertical gardens and trellises
It is urban agriculture through vertical gardens and trellises, where climbing and hanging plants can be grown.
Pollinators and habitats
Mixing crops with designs of specific areas to attract and maintain pollinators such as bee hives and butterflies, favor the fertilization of many plants.
Aplicar prácticas agrícolas libres de pesticidas y químicos tóxicos, con preparados biodinámicos, lo que protege a los polinizadores y otros organismos benéficos, además de evitar la propagación de plagas.
Taken together, permaculture promotes agricultural and horticultural practices that are more environmentally friendly, more resource efficient, and that foster the resilience of food production systems.
Benefits of applying agricultural probes and sensors
Our technicians study the terrain and the crops, the climate of the area. We assess the number of sensors and the ideal situation.
The sensors measure us:
- The humidity of the subsoil adapting the depth to the crop according to the rooting.
- Subsoil temperature.
- Conductivity and therefore salinity values.
- Measurement of the water flow to be irrigated with a flowmeter and irrigation time.