Garlic is a perennial plant of the liliaceae family , it reaches a height of 30 or 50 centimeters, it has thin and elongated leaves. The bulb is rounded, formed by 8 or 10 teeth, white on the inside and reddish or white on the outside.
The color gives rise to two varieties: white and pink or purple.
Garlic cultivation in Spain
Spain is one of the main producers of garlic worldwide, as we can see on the map, it is cultivated in all regions, although in the north it is rather at a family level.
- It can be grown dryland and irrigated as long as it is not affected by late frosts.
- Irrigation is convenient but provided that flooding is avoided.
- Soils abundant in organic matter benefit him.
Plantae controls garlic irrigation with sensors / probes
Large garlic plantations need to combine quality and quantity with saving water and energy. For this reason, the Plantae sensors installed in Robledo, Cuenca, at depths of 20 and 40 centimeters will provide the ideal humidity for the culture.
The two depths are due to the plantation being in raised ridges or furrows and classified as organic farming. For this reason, control must be exhaustive both in irrigation and in nutrients.
Garlic has different growth phases and the one that needs the most irrigation control is when the bulbs are filled.
Watering must be careful, better by dripping so as not to wet the leaves. This prevents the appearance of diseases.
Watering should be avoided in the last phase, before harvesting. It is very convenient that this is done with the dry bulb.
Garlic is one of the most used products in the Mediterranean diet and with multiple properties for the body.
It has very few calories and many benefits:
- Vitamin A, B, B 6 , C and magnesium.
- Cleansing, antiseptic and antibacterial remedies, as well as beneficial for circulation.
- It is an antioxidant and promotes circulation.