Given the increase in plantations that our sensors require to control their humidity, we are going to dedicate the article to this precious fruit.

Given the increase in plantations that our sensors require to control their humidity, we are going to dedicate the article to this precious fruit.

The peach in Spain

The peach in Spain is mainly cultivated in Murcia and Lérida, but also throughout the Mediterranean area as we see on the map. Badajoz, Aragón stand out. Also in the warmer areas, such as valleys facing the sun of Castilla y León, Galicia, Santander, the Basque Country, La Rioja, Pamplona, ​​Cáceres and some provinces of Castilla la Mancha. In the latter with family consumption.

Cultivo del melocotón en España por Hectáreas
Cultivo del melocotón en España por Hectáreas

Mapa de España del melocotón

Peach and nectarine varieties in Spain

The main classification is by color and meat . The same is true of nectarine, which is considered a mutation of the hairless peach, although it is grafted to create a new species. Occasionally the peach trees produce some nectarine.

Variedades del melocotón

It is very difficult to prepare a list of varieties, because there are a thousand besides the grafts. We are going to focus on the best known and most commercialized in Spain.

Other varieties:

  • Alba.
  • Alboplena.
  • Alexandra.
  • Atropurpúrea.
  • Elegan Lady (red)
  • Maycrest.
  • María Blanca.
  • Péndula.
  • Purpúrea.
  • Queen Crest.
  • Royal
  • Rosea.
  • Rubra.
  • Rubroplena.
  • Springcrest.
  • Tirrenia.
Variedades del melocotón
Some pictures of varieties of peach and nectarine

Production is variable depending on the climate.

It is marketed from the beginning of maturation to the end of production.

Procedencia del melocotón en España

Peach care in Spain

The peach tree is well adapted to cold and Mediterranean climates. For this reason we find peaches throughout Spain. But there are regions that produce more and are more commercialized.

In these cases, the care of the plantations is much greater and the aim is to increase the quantity and improve the quality.

Ground

Terreno idóneo para fruta de huesoIn addition to looking for a loam-clayey-sandy soil, it is essential to control irrigation in dry periods that coincide with the growth of the fruit.

Irrigation

  • The ideal is drip irrigation and controlled by sensors that in real time indicate the degree of humidity that the tree has around its root system.
  • In this way the fruit grows without water stress. The texture is more uniform and the flavor more pleasant. If it lacks water, the taste is more tasteless.
  • Controlling humidity also avoids the main problem of peach trees, which is the fungus that appears more frequently if the tree has waterlogging. It does not affect the fruit but it grows less because the leaves are so coiled that they do not oxygenate properly and end up falling.
  • We also avoid excess salts as indicated in other articles.

melocotón protegido de la mosca
Calanda peach protected from the fly

In addition to these cares, the farmer cares for the fruit in detail, protecting it from the fly with protective bags and eliminating some if the quantity is excessive and harms the size of the fruit.

This fundamentally in the designation of origin of Calanda in the province of Teruel and Zaragoza, where the quality and size of the fruit is taken into account for quality control.

The evolution of agriculture with Plantae

Plantae sensors give stone fruit, and especially peach and nectarine, precision subsoil agriculture.

We can measure in real time all the parameters that make this type of plantations improve quality and quantity.

  • Subsoil Moisture Sensor : to control the wet bulb and therefore the factors that favor water and nutrient absorption. Very important for all stages of production, especially in fruit growth.
  • Conductivity sensor : measures the salinity that influences the quality of the fruit. In stone fruit from 1.7 dS / m (electrical conductivity) it begins to be sensitive and may reduce your production expectations.
  • Subsoil temperature sensor: compares data with ambient temperature and other parameters
    to make growth models. Identify the best time to start with the nutritional and water contributions.
  • Ambient temperature sensor : that prevents us from hot hours, from controlling new shoots, flowering and others.
  • Flowmeter : controls the irrigation at the beginning or end of the irrigation sectors. Mark the start and end times for each irrigation, total duration and liters applied. while detecting breaks or clogging.

All this so that the consumer of the peach in Spain can have a quality fruit that can be eaten fresh, or confit, in juices and jams throughout the year !!.

Melocotones en Jumilla -Murcia
Intensive peach farm, controlled by Plantae sensors in Jumilla-Murcia

Peaches in syrup

In the markets it is easy to find offers of peaches if you buy a large quantity. But then we cannot consume them all in two days. That has an easy solution.

  • Just peel the peaches and chop the meat.
  • Sprinkle with sugar.
  • Add the juice of one lemon.
  • Let them rest for half an hour.
  • We add a glass of water, put it on the fire and let it boil for two minutes.
  • Let cool and store in a closed container in the fridge. Then enjoy.

Peach jam in the thermomix

  • Two kilos of peaches.
  • The juice of one lemon.
  • 1/2 kilo of brown sugar.

Chop the peaches peeled and with the juice and the lemon put it in the thermomix at speed 7 one minute. Then at "male" temperature 30 minutes and speed 2.

Let cool and store in glass jars in the fridge. If you want to keep a long time, they must be put in a water bath for 15 hours to make them tight.

Peach juice with thermomix

  • Two peeled peaches.
  • A glass of water.
  • A tablespoon of brown sugar.
  • Juice of half a lemon.

Crush one minute with speed increasing from 0 to 10.