The cultivation of the tomato in Murcia makes the Community the third tomato producer in Spain, after Extremadura and Andalusia, with about 290,000 tons per year. Especially the region of the Murcian orchard due to its climate and soil composition.

Tomato is one of the most cultivated and consumed plants worldwide. Highlights its multiple applications in fresh, natural preserves, canned concentrates, juices, processed foods, etc.

The most cultivated varieties of tomato in Murcia are: Beef, Marmande, Vemone, Moneymaker, Cocktail, Cherry (Cherry), Long Life, Smooth and Bouquet.

Objectives for tomato cultivation in Murcia

In recent times marketing has prevailed over quality.

We have all said once that tomatoes no longer taste like tomatoes. In the Murcia region they are aware of this and they are working to recover the traditional flavor, in addition to the quality and presentation of the product.

In collaboration with IMIDA (Murciano Institute of Agricultural and Agricultural Development), the seeds of traditional crops exclusive to certain areas, better acclimatized and therefore produce better quality fruits, are being investigated. The objective is to recover traditional flavors, maintaining high production and product presentation.

Partes del tomate-Murcia
Tomato parts

Ways to grow tomatoes in Murcia

In greenhouses of a parral type with two waters is where the greatest amount of tomato is produced in Murcia, with drip irrigation.

The tomato is planted in moist soil and is entutora as it grows. It prunes and controls its humidity and temperature throughout its development.

Hydroponic cultivation is being implemented since Torre Pacheco studied this type of landless tomato crop. In this case the roots of the plant are nourished by essential substances dissolved in water.

An advantage is that the tillage of the land is eliminated. Ph and conductivity should be frequently assessed. Waterings are made several times a day with the necessary nutrients.

Land suitable for tomato

The tomato adapts well to all types of terrains, but it benefits from those of frank texture, resulting more Light, airy and permeable.

If the soil is too sandy, it does not retain water and endangers its development. The clay and silt has no aeration and will be more prone to the development of fungi that attack the plant.

The warm and stable climate, with few temperature variations favors the cultivation of tomatoes in Murcia. The grounds are deep and within the following scheme.

Terrenos idóneos para cultivo de tomates en Murcia

Temperatures affecting tomato

It freezes Less than -2º C
Its growth is paralyzed Between 10º and 15º C
Favorable growth Between 20º and 24º C
Favorable germination  Between 25º and 30º C
Minimum germination Between 15º and 25º C
Maximum germination Between 30º and 35º C
Birth 18º C
First shoots 12º C
Flowering Between 13ºC night and 24º C daytime
Fruit set Between 14º C night and 25º C daytime
Tomato Ripe Between 15ºC and 25ºC
Riego por goteo de los tomates
Drip irrigation of tomatoes

Watering the tomato in Murcia

The tomato has a main root reinforced by other branches that support the plant. They reach approximately 50 centimeters deep and to this extent the sensor is installed.

The drip irrigation system forms wet bulbs around the root of the plant that the sensor controls at all times.

Bulbs (wetlands) are formed depending on the terrain, which must be deep as indicated.

An excess of humidity does not suit him because it favors the appearance of fungi. Nor does dry soil favor it, it slows growth.

Temperature and humidity control is therefore very important.