Plantae is dedicated to the design, development and commercialization of wireless sensor technology for water saving and crop production improvement. For this reason Plantae sensors conquer the plantations of the avocado in Spain .

We are going to comment on its varieties and the care that this tree needs that has a fruit as special and recognized as one of the basic foods for good health.

Also the importance of controlled irrigation to improve quality.

Plantae does not sell avocado plants or advise on the variety or type of avocado to be planted in your area or region. Our article is informative for the farmer.

Irrigation of avocado in Spain

The ideal climate for avocado cultivation is that it is a tropical type. A lot of heat and humidity controlled.

The roots of the avocado are not very deep, it is not a tree that can look for the humidity of the interior in times of drought and nevertheless it needs to have humidity so that the fruits are of quality and accumulate the precious fat that characterizes them.

If it is excessive, then breed fungi. He does not want waterlogging because his roots are very sensitive and rot easily.

Water stress affects him a lot because of all this, the control with humidity sensors Plantae is giving extraordinary results in the plantations, provided that the area has possibilities of irrigation especially by dripping.

In addition, water and energy are saved and this is very important in these production zones that need control of irrigation water increasingly a scarce asset.

Riego controlado del aguacate
Irrigation of controlled avocado with Plantae sensors

In addition, water and energy are saved and this is very important in these production zones that need control of irrigation water increasingly a scarce asset.

More cultivated varieties of avocado in Spain

The avocado belongs to the Lauraceae family just like the laurel, Cinnamon and camphor. The three species that this tree presents are:

  • Mexican small in size and very oily.
  • Guatemalan with intermediate size and quite oily.
  • Antillana larger and less oily.
  • Hass the most cultivated avocado variety in Spain. With hazelnut flavor, dark skin, yellow flesh, small and rough. It is the most consumed and cultivated worldwide. It is marketed from January to June.
  • Strong pear-shaped and stands out for its flavor. High content of oleic acid and fatty medium. It has the cocktail variety. They are collected from November to March.
  • Bacon is a very early variety, harvesting begins in October in areas such as the Axarquía de Málaga, until the end of December. Green and smooth skin with an oval shape. It is a hybrid of Hass.
  • Cármen a Hass type variety that appears on the market a little earlier.
  • Lamb Hass with a slightly different shape and later production.
  • Pinkerton more elongated than Hass and smaller seed, therefore more meat. It lasts a long time and is marketed from November to February.
  • Reed smaller but with a lot of production. It is collected from April to July.
  • Zutano Oval and medium quality.

Avocado in Spain is grown in Malaga especially in the region of Axarquía, Granada, and the Canary Islands because it needs a subtropical climate.

Its cultivation grows exponentially. It begins to grow in Huelva, Cádiz, Almería, Murcia, Alicante and Valencia in areas that have few frosts, due to the great demand of avocado in our country and in Europe, especially in Germany, France and the United Kingdom.

Our production has the advantage of being able to reach the national and European market in a very short time, unlike that coming from Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Israel.

Many farmers are betting on their cultivation and removing plantations from others that are being less profitable.

Mapa de aguacate en EspañaAvocado care

Avocado cultivation is more complicated than other fruits. We will value the land.

Ground

It does not want clay soils because they are heavy and tend to suffer from waterlogging that is not recommended for this tree because the roots would rot. They are small and weak.

Preferred are light soils, that is sandy and frank sandy, as indicated in the following scheme. If they are sandy they need an enrichment to nourish the plant. If there is good irrigation control, it adapts well to all types of land.

Terreno idóneo para aguacate-Fuente USDA
Ideal land for avocado-USDA Source

 

In short, the keys to their cultivation are:

  • Average temperatures without large differences between day and night.
  • A lot of sunlight, branches that are not sunny are not productive. Pruning should be done favoring that the light reaches all branches with the exception of the central one.
  • Light and well drained floors.
  • Controlled irrigation and no waterlogging.
  • It is sensitive to frost.

The avocado, "the third testicle" of Spain

Avocado is a derivative of " ahuacatl" which means in indigenous language "testicle". Given the increase in its production in our country, it is known as the third Spanish testicle.

The properties of this fruit are very broad:

  • One of the most important is its monounsaturated fat because it is beneficial for cholesterol and cardiovascular problems. Its proportion in the fruit depends on the amount of water absorbed by the plant.
  • Daily consumption favors calcium absorption.
  • Rich in fiber and antioxidants.
  • Promotes the appearance of the skin.
  • High content of vitamins and minerals.
  • It has high potassium content. High consumption is not recommended for people with kidney problems.
  • Anti-inflammatory power
  • It is ripe as it gets dark and it is out of the tree.

The guacamole

Typical avocado recipe ideal for making toasts, easy to make and healthy to counteract the saturated fats we eat in multiple foods.

  • Half sweet onion chopped very fine.
  • Two ripe tomatoes without chopped pipes.

Then we beat a few seconds:

  • A peeled and chopped avocado.
  • Pinch of salt.
  • Juice of half a lemon.
  • A dash of vinegar.
  • A tablespoon of olive oil.
  • Fresh or dried chopped cilanro. (To taste)

We mix everything and enjoy.

It can be combined with salmon, tuna, anchovies to taste.