Woody crops refers to the group of plant whose stem lignifies (it acquires wooden consistency), this gives it a hard and solid appearance. One of its principle characteristics is that they form vegetative buds that are capable of surviving the winter above ground. Woody crops can be divided in:
- Evergreen are those species whose leaves don't fall during the winter months.
- Deciduous are those whose leaves fall in autumn as preparation for winter rest period and grow them out again in spring.
The most common woody crops are trees, also known as permanent crops since they are not replaces year after year. Among these the main ones are:
Vine:crop aimed at the production of grapes for wine or dessert.
Olive:tree crops dedicated to the harvesting of olives either for direct consumption or for production of olive oil.
Nut trees: plantaciones de árboles cuyo producto son los conocidos como frutos secos tales como almendro, nogal, pistacho, avellano, castaño…
Warm climate fruit trees:: plantaciones de árboles frutales que tradicionalmente son cultivados en zonas templadas tales como manzano, peral, cerezo, ciruelo, níspero…
Subtropical climate fruit trees: plantaciones de árboles frutales que tradicionalmente son cultivados en zonas subtropicales como plátano, aguacate, caqui, chirimoyo, mango…
Citrus trees:: especies como naranjos, mandarinos, limoneros…
Berries:: árboles que producen fruto de tipo baya que son cultivados tanto en clima templado como subtropical, como grosellero, arándano, frambueso…
Plantae in Woody Crops
What does Plantae contribute to woody crops?
Each crop has very particular water needs that depend on the phenological stage of the tree at a given moment. Therefore, it is very important to know how much water is given to the crop.
The amount of water depends not only on the gross water needs, but also on the soil type on which the plant finds itself. Thus, a clay soil will have a greater tendency to retain water than a sandy soil, which needs an adaptation of dose and frequency of irrigation. In other words, there isn't a general rule for each crop when it comes to determining the most convenient type of irrigation .
At Plantae, we are aware that these decisions involve a critical moment in the design of the productive plan, therefore we offer the necessary tools to guide the irrigation management towards the optimum point. The Plantae station's readings provide with the necessary data on which to base the irrigation program. Each reading has its function:
- Humidity:change the irrigation cycles based on each reading to give the crops the exact water it needs: quantity, frequency, duration
- Conductivity:keep the soil's salinity levels below the detrimental thresholds for the crops.
- Temperature:: actuación frente a heladas y control de otros parámetros (plagas, fenología…).
- Subsoil temperature:control of the soil's temperature and correlation with the surface temperature.
- Flowmeter: irrigation monitoring, irrigators control, incidence localisation...