The purpose of the bioeconomy is to find a economic and sustainable model in the social and environmental sphere that anticipates the needs of the population in the short and long term.
What is the bioeconomy?
The bioeconomy is a strategy to achieve sustainable, renewable and desirable development using raw materials of biological origin . All countries have a responsibility to anticipate the problems of the future. Promote innovation and promote knowledge as well as help with technology to optimize resources and recycle it.
A good example is intensive and super intensive agriculture that minimizes the ecological footprint as long as the waste it generates is used.
In the bioeconomy we must consider several factors:
- Guarantee the food supply.
- Properly manage natural resources.
- Take advantage of agricultural waste.
- Encourage technology innovation and its dissemination.
- Development of a logistics.
- Modernize the business fabric.
- Train the farmer by developing knowledge and applications of technology.
- Create jobs and promote competitiveness with public and private aid.
- Reduce the carbon footprint and the water footprint .
We are going to focus on the bioeconomy of the agricultural sector. In general, the bioeconomy affects the entire agri-food sector.
In Spain the challenge is set until the year 2030. The objective is to achieve a better and sustainable economy according to the maintenance of the environment.
The bioeconomy has to be supported by the circular economy and the green economy to achieve sustainability.
Economics is the science that studies how societies satisfy their unlimited needs with scarce resources by managing them well, to produce and distribute goods among people.
In this article we will focus on the one that makes a circular route. It is a cycle that ends where it begins. We can put many examples but in this blog we focus on agriculture.
The guidelines for a circular economy in agriculture are:
- First of all, the production of the product .
- After preparation to enter the market.
- Elaboration of other by-products.
- Collection of waste, both at the point of production and at the place of consumption, reducing it to a minimum as much as possible.
- Recycling of discarded products.
- And most importantly, reuse what is recycled as much as possible.
It is the one that focuses its strategies on social welfare, reducing environmental risks.
Agriculture has an important challenge, to increase production while preserving the environment.
Goals of the green economy
- Seek social welfare.
- Improve the environment .
- Avoid food shortages .
- Reduce the carbon footprint .
- Control the water footprint .
- Reduce the amount of waste.
- Finally, to close the cycle, recycling of plastics, glass.
The global and local bioeconomy
Depending on the approach we take to the bioeconomy, it can be global and local.
The global bioeconomy
It is the one that encompasses all sectors of production and conservation of biological products. It governs the entire process of the sector in search of a sustainable economy. ( World Bioeconomy Summit 2018 ). You need a global vision of the needs of consumers.
The local bioeconomy
It fits a certain situation. The farmer has to know the factors that influence his products:
- The news regarding varieties more productive.
- Pest controls .
- The possibility of introducing the products to the market.
- The medios tecnológicos que mejoran sus cultivos e influyen en una mejor economía y calidad productiva.
- First training courses by the administrations.
- Second, the farmer's vision of attending fairs and events that give him information about the advances in biotechnology.
Public and private policies are essential for the development of the local and global bioeconomy.
Plant with the precision agriculture in the bioeconomy
The objective of our company is to help control plantations, both family-oriented and intensive or super-intensive. But it is clear that as crops are more intensive, greater control of water and energy consumption is necessary. Turn to biotechnology to avoid pests and weeds.
Then comes collection and recycling.
Our company fundamentally studies the precision agriculture of the soil and the control of the entire phenological state of the plant. Fundamentally in saving water and controlling the quality of the product.
Our wireless sensors and controlled by a receiver with solar panel, give the farmer all the information in real time and necessary to control the entire growth and fruiting process.
The more control, the better the performance and the more the local bioeconomy is favored.
The bioeconomy benefits from monitoring with probes for the following reasons.
- We regulate humidity giving the plant the water it needs, and if it is also drip, weeds are avoided and it is not necessary to use products that reduce them.
- We also measure the temperature of the subsoil and the environment.
- We also control the conductive tendency and avoid the accumulation of salts, making the land more productive.
- We measure the relative humidity avoiding the production of fungi and therefore pesticides.
- In conclusion, we increase the quality and quantity of the product with the corresponding economic benefit.