Sustainable agriculture-Economic indicators

Sustainable agriculture is based on the guarantee of providing humanity with food security. In turn with it promote the economy and circular agriculture, saving water and energy and conserve natural resources.

Sustainable agriculture goals

  • Guarantee food worldwide in the present and in the future.
  • Protect the environment.
  • Promote a circular economy, reduce, reuse and recycle.
  • Sustainably manage water, land and natural resources.
  • Protect and improve rural life with greater technological investment.
  • Improve the use of resources with precision agriculture.
  • Maximize the use of technology and research.
  • Preserve biological diversity.

Economic indicators that help sustainable agriculture

Economic indicators are the tools that measure the state of agricultural sustainability and allow us to understand its evolution.

These indicators can assess different factors:

  • Measure soil erosion that will influence the root system and the movement of water in the subsoil.
  • Chemical indicators that measure the plant's need for nutrients.
  • The amount of organic matter del subsuelo.
  • Measurement of moisture of the root system. Amount of water you need for a quantity of production. <El riego optimizado por sensores is the best way to reduce consumption of water to obtain better quality and more quantity of product.
  • The salinity of the soil. Degradation of production in a certain area that we control with the conductivity sensor.
  • The need for pesticides that we can observe with drones in intensive plantations.
  • Environmental pollution. CO2 measurements.
  • Soil degradation. Measure crop yield per cultivated hectare.
  • La energía consumida en la producción. Puede ser para aplicar riego, labranza, recolección etc…
  • Loss of land due to erosion.

All these measurements will contribute to the development of sustainable agriculture with the appropriate decision making.

Sustainable agriculture
Sustainable agriculture

Plantae and economic factors

The objective of Plantae is to help the farmer to achieve a sustainable and quality agriculture, saving water and energy and at the same time protecting the environment. To achieve measurements that help calibrate economic factors, we must install agricultural sensors that allow the cost of each crop to be assessed.

Our products measure all the subsoil factors that influence the development of the plant, especially important in agriculture intensive.

Control of humidity and salinity is essential for the absorption of nutrients and to protect the environment.

We also measure the absorbing temperature with special importance in root development.

Regarding the external factors that influence the plant, we have the season Meteorological system that helps control relative humidity, ambient temperature, thermal integral and cold hours, wetting of leaves, dew point and water stress indicator.

Influence of sustainable agriculture on the environment

All crops absorb CO2 and give off oxygen, but control of the plantation will increase that amount and favor the environment.

The new technologies favor the control of the plantation with drones and the possibility of irrigating without having to move around the plantation, with the consequent saving of energy and at the same time reducing environmental pollution and carbon footprint.

Intensive crops, due to their design and plant density, benefit the system, but we must control the soil, because the density of the crop decreases nutrients and water. Its control with measurements is essential to avoid its degradation.

The optimization of resources at all levels is essential.

Goals of sustainable agriculture according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • Principle 1: Improving efficiency in the use of resources is essential for sustainable agriculture.
  • Principle 2: Sustainability requires direct action to conserve, protect and enhance natural resources.
  • Principle 3: Agriculture that fails to protect and enhance rural livelihoods and social well-being is unsustainable.
  • Principle 4: Sustainable agriculture should increase the resilience of people, communities and ecosystems, especially to climate change and market volatility.
  • Principle 5: Good governance is essential for the sustainability of both natural and human systems.
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Sources

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