The agriculture of the future has to undergo changes based on population growth, climate change, the scarcity of natural resources and the application of technological advances.
Factors to take into account in the agriculture of the future
Sustainable and regenerative agriculture
The agriculture of the future must respect natural cycles, promote soil regeneration and reduce environmental impact to be more sustainable and regenerative.
Advanced agricultural technology
It is very important to apply new technologies, drones, sensors and probes, weather stations, flowmeters, robotics and data analysis, which will be used to monitor crops, optimize the irrigation, applying fertilizers accurately and predicting problems.
Vertical and urban agriculture
The large increase in urban areas makes it essential to apply a vertical farming and gardening, limited spaces will gain importance to produce food locally and reduce long supply chains.
Synthetic biology and crop improvement
Genetic engineering that combines biology, engineering and computer science to design and build biological systems or synthetic gene networks with specific functions and synthetic biology that has the potential to revolutionize the way plants are developed and grown to address challenges such as food security, disease resistance and climate change. Both could be used to develop crops that are more resistant to diseases, tolerant to extreme conditions and with better nutritional content.
- Disease Resistant Crops. This would reduce the need for pesticides and improve food safety.
- Tolerance to Abiotic Stress. Have a greater tolerance to extreme environmental conditions, such as droughts, high temperatures and nutrient-poor soils.
- Develop crops with higher content of essential nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals.
- Synthetic biology could be used to engineer plants that produce bioplastics and other sustainable materials, reducing dependence on non-renewable resources.
- By genetic modification, it is possible to improve the efficiency of photosynthesis in plants, which could increase biomass production and carbon capture.
- Design crops that produce fewer inedible parts, such as stems and leaves.
- Control the timing of flowering and plant growth.
- Proper regulation of genetic engineering will be essential to ensure safety and sustainability.
Growing alternative proteins
The growing demand for protein and concerns about the sustainability of livestock farming may lead to the production of proteins from alternative sources such as insects, algae and laboratory-grown cells.
Agriculture adapted to the climate
The agriculture of the future will adapt to different climate patterns, using water management techniques with humidity and conductivity meters and crops resistant to heat and drought.
Circular economy and waste management
We must promote circular and sustainable agriculture, reducing waste and generating compost naturally.
E-commerce and digital agricultural markets
Agricultural platforms must favor the buying and selling of products, directly connecting farmers with consumers.
Education and environmental awareness
Education around the importance of sustainable agriculture and awareness of where food comes from will be essential components for the agriculture of the future.
- Educate so that we understand the importance that human action can alter ecosystems.
- Have knowledge of the environmental problems of the moment, avoid pollution, soil degradation and loss of biodiversity.
- Promote sustainable practices, such as recycling, reducing energy and water consumption with probe control in crops, and choosing more environmentally friendly products.